What is iron deficiency?

Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies and the leading cause of anaemia globally¹ ².

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) around two billion people suffer from iron deficiency or iron deficiency anaemia¹.


Recent research has shown that 1 in 3 women and 39% of all adults over the age of 55 are iron deficient³ ⁴ ⁵.

Some symptoms are mental fatigue, higher susceptibility to infections and hair loss; low iron levels can ultimately even lead to depression or for pregnant women to complications at birth².

Clinical studies have shown that timely treatment of iron deficiency with and without anaemia can restore personal health and as a result raise the productivity of affected individuals
² ⁶ ⁷.

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Female Multi Genenration Chinese Family
Portrait of senior Indian couple smiling


MonoFer® is used for treating iron deficiency with and without anaemia when oral iron preparations are ineffective or cannot be used or when there is a need to deliver iron rapidly.

For more information: www.monofer.com

Risk factors for iron deficiency²  

Being female
Vegetarian diet
Regular blood donation
Heavy menses
Chronic disease
GI disturbance
Endurance exercise

Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency² ⁸ ⁹

Signs & Symptoms of Iron Deficiency.png

PICA (Craving for Ice, Dirt or Paper)

Hair Loss / Poor Hair Quality

Get Flu, Cold or Infections Easily

Poor Concentration / Brain Fog


Cold Intolerance

Muscle Cramps / Muscle Pain


Fatigue / Exhaustion

Reduced Exercise Capacity

Poor Concentration / Brain Fog

Dizziness / Irritability

Easy Bruising

Brittle Nails / Spoon-Shape Nails

Restless Leg Syndrome


1)  http://www.who.int/nut/documents/ida_assessment_prevention_control.pdf, accessed 27 July 2004.  2) Camaschella. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:1832-43.

3) Yeo et al. Eur J Heart Fail. 2014;16:1125–32.  4) Fonseca et al. Int Med J. 2016; 46(4): 470.  5) Bruinvels et al. NATA (2016).  6) Anker et al. New Engl J Med. 2009; 361: 2436-2448.  7) Van Wyck et al. Transf. 2009;49(12):2719-28.   8) Munoz et al. J of Blood Transf. 2017;15:422-437.  9) Abeysiri et al. NATA. 2018, Poster 49.